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#US,UK and Norway calls South Sudan to form transitional government

By Tajuddin
Nov 26th, 2015
Rebel soldiers guard the village of Majieng, about 6km from the town of Bentiu,South Sudan

Rebel soldiers guard the village of Majieng, about 6km from the town of Bentiu,South Sudan

Juba,South Sudan ( Agencies + DIPLOMAT.SO)- The United States, the United Kingdom and Norway urged on Thursday the South Sudanese government and rebels to form a transitional government of national unity and warned that the peace treaty may collapse.

The Troika countries, which participate in mediation in the conflict, regretted that the South Sudanese political leaders failed to form a government within the 90 days stipulated by the peace agreement signed in August.

In a statement issued in Juba by the diplomatic missions of the three countries, they called on the signatories to ensure their commitment to the peace treaty.

They also invited the armed opposition and the group of former political prisoners to return to Juba to attend a meeting on Friday, which marks the beginning of the work of the committee monitoring the agreement.

The agreement, which will last for three years, lays the foundation for forming a government of national unity in which the current President Salva Kiir occupies 53 percent of the ministerial portfolios, while the former vice president and rebel leader Riad Mashar will form 33 percent.

The remaining 14 percent will be distributed among other different political parties.

South Sudan peace deal monitors urge action

Ceasefire monitors in South Sudan urged warring forces on Thursday to stop fighting amid growing international fears a key peace deal is close to collapse.

Fighting in the nearly two-year long war rages despite an August agreement, said Festus Mogae, who heads the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission to ensure the peace deal is implemented.

“The agreement offers the way forward for a peaceful South Sudan…I urge the parties to accelerate the implementation process,” the former president of Botswana told reporters and said he was deeply concerned at “continued fighting” in northern Unity state.

Ethnic lines

The civil war began in December 2013 when President Salva Kiir accused his former deputy Riek Machar of planning a coup, setting off a cycle of retaliatory killings that have split the poverty-stricken, landlocked country along ethnic lines.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon this week warned that the broken ceasefire and failure to meet deadlines cast doubt on the “commitment to the peace process.”

Ban said “grave violations” against children continue – including killing, rape, maiming and child soldier recruitment – while “sexual violence remains a key feature” of the war.

The conflict has triggered a humanitarian crisis with 2.3 million people forced from their homes and 4.6 million in need of emergency food. Tens of thousands have died and the economy is in ruins.

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